Elizabeth Phoebe Key


Personal and Family Information

Elizabeth was born on 10 Oct 1803 in Maryland, the daughter of Francis Scott Key and Mary Tayloe Lloyd.

She died on 9 Sep 1897 in Oakland, Maryland.

Her husband was Charles Howard, who she married on 9 NOV 1825 in Georgetown, Bourbon County Kentucky. Their ten known children were Frank Key (1826-1872), John Eager (1828-1911), Mary Lloyd (1831-1923), Charles (1830-1895), James (1832-1910), Alice (1836-?), Edward Lloyd (1837-1881), McHenry (1839-1923), Ellen Lloyd (1840-1925) and Elizabeth S (1842-?).

Pedigree Chart (3 generations)


Elizabeth Phoebe Key


Francis Scott Key


John Ross Key


Francis Key


Ann Arnold Ross


Phoebe Ann Dagworthy Penn Charlton


Mary Tayloe Lloyd


Edward IV Lloyd


Edward III Lloyd


Ann Rousby


Elizabeth Gwynn Tayloe


John II Tayloe


Rebecca Plater



Birth10 OCT 1803
Place: Maryland
Type: trees.ancestry.com
Death9 SEP 1897
Place: Oakland, Maryland
Type: trees.ancestry.com
Census23 OCT 1850
Place: Baltimore, Maryland
Age: 46
Address: dwelling 1127, family 1252 11th Ward, with husband, 10 children, 6 servants
Agency: 1850 census Maryland
Census7 JUN 1860
Place: Baltimore, Maryland
Age: 56
Address: dwelling 224, family 214, 11 Ward, with Husband, 7 adult children and several helpers
Agency: 1860 Census, Maryland
See Note 2
Census28 JUN 1870
Place: Baltimore, Maryland
Age: 65 born Georgetown D.C.
Address: dwelling 905 family 1040 Ward 11 Mrs Charles Howard with 4? 5? adult children, 2 grandchildren, 4 servants
Census 1870 Maryland, Talbot & Baltimore Counties
Source: Census 1870 Maryland, Talbot & Baltimore Counties
Authors: U.S. Federal Census
Date: JUN 1870
Publisher: ancestry. com

Census14 JUN 1880
Place: Baltimore, Maryland
Age: 76 born Maryland
Address: widow with adult children, grandchildren, and servants dwelling 317? family 332
BurialFEB 1897
Place: Old St Paul's Cemetery
Age: 93
Address: Howard Family Vault, crypt #85, Baltimore City, Maryland Find A Grave Memorial# 8963981


Obit - Howar...
Key & Howard...
Chart of How...


Note 1

A Maryland Confederate Mother


I found this amusing incident in “Recollections of a Maryland Confederate Soldier under Johnston, Jackson and Lee” by McHenry Howard.  When McHenry Howard finally arrived home to Baltimore on May 27th 1865 he found a note waiting for him:

“To Mr. McHenry Howard,

  You are hereby notified that you have been this day enrolled by us in the Militia Forces of the United States, in the State of Maryland, under the Act of Congress of July, 1862, in the Third Enrollment  District of Baltimore County corresponding to  the 3rd Election District of said County, and will hold yourself in readiness for any such Military duty as under the Laws and Constitution of the United States may be required of you.”

R.S Williamson                                                                                                                                                               John S Stitcher     Enrolling Officers   

                                                                                                                                                                               September the —1862

McHenry found out the story behind the letter. Two men arrived at the Howard house and after talking with a servant insisted on seeing Mrs. Howard. Elizabeth Key Howard was the daughter of Francis Scott Key of the Star Spangled Banner fame as well as the niece of the Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney. Mrs. Howard met the men at the door and they said ” Madam,we are the enrolling officers and we have come to get the names of the male members of your family – Have you a husband or  sons  capable of bearing arms? Mrs.  Howard said ” Yes a husband and six sons.” 

“Your husband, what is his name and where is he?”   “Charles Howard  (Charles Howard was the son of John Eager Howard, the hero at the Battle of the Cowpens in the Revolutionary War), he is a prisoner at  Fort Warren ”    “And your eldest son?”  “Frank Key Howard,  he is also in prison with his father.”  “And your next son?”  “ John Eager Howard, he is a Captain in the Confederate Army.”  “And the next?”  “Charles Howard, he is a Major in the Confederate Army.”  “And the next?”  James Howard, he is a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Confederate Army.”  “And the next?”  “Edward Lloyd Howard, he is a surgeon in the Confederate Army.”  During this time the men were becoming flustered and finally said “And your youngest son?”  “McHenry Howard, he is also in the Southern Army and with Stonewall Jackson and I expect  he  will be here soon”  (This was during the Maryland Invasion by Lee and Jackson)  Mrs. Howard proceeds to shut the  door in their faces   and the enrolling officers retired to the sidewalk and wrote the above mentioned note, slid it under the door and left.


Note 2

brother Charles H Key and family very close, dwelling 226, family 216


  1. Census 1870 Maryland, Talbot & Baltimore Counties
    Source: Census 1870 Maryland, Talbot & Baltimore Counties
    Authors: U.S. Federal Census
    Date: JUN 1870
    Publisher: ancestry. com